IVF- In Vitro Fertilization
Conventional IVF involves the removal of the human oocytes from the ovaries and the fertilization process which is accomplished by “letting” motile spermatozoa to fertilize the oocytes into a special culture medium. Once embryos form, they are then transferred into the uterine cavity through a process called Embryo Transfer. IVF essentially attempted to mimic the biological processes in vivo.
IVF is used for women who have blocked or damaged fallopian tubes thus preventing the egg and sperm from meeting naturally. IVF may also help couples whose infertility is unexplained and/or the male partner has a low sperm count. Other factors like age, endometriosis, immunology, obesity and psychology may lead a couple to infertility and consequently, to IVF treatment.